Learning from Japan, this 4 Tips Survived Earthquake

Earthquake survival kit – On September 1, 1923, midmorning, earthquake devastating rocked the Kanto Plain, Japan devastated a busy industrial area in Tokyo and Yokohama.

Japan quake flattened buildings, overturning stoves are being used for cooking. Fanned typhoon of Tokyo Bay, the fire quickly spread in a flat landscape. Great fire struck.

The earthquake and tsunami that struck the Tohoku region, Japan, resulted in many casualties and loss of not less (Photo: Reuters).

Then, rumors circulated wildly, calling the citizens of Korea looted houses earthquake victims – which sparked a wave of revenge on immigrants.

At the time of the disaster subsided, at least 100 thousand people were killed, and most of the affected areas in ruined condition. Incredible devastation, losses really immeasurably – State Sakura also had plans to move the capital.

However, the plan did not become reality. Japan rebuild Tokyo and other affected areas. The times, carefully and cautiously.

Buildings prone to fire, which was set up with wood and brick, the tower was replaced with six floors of concrete and steel. Highways, subway systems, and the airport was built.

As quoted by Time , in 1935, the population of Tokyo rivaling the number of residents in the metropolis of New York and London.

Since long the Japanese people know, the land they live, fertile and rich in minerals, prone to disasters.

Rising Sun Country bertenger on unstable surfaces, in the Pacific Ring of Fire (Ring of Fire) . Japan is one of the country most prone to earthquakes in the world – just as Indonesia.

However, in contrast, Japan is the country most ready to face ‘batty’ nature. 1923 earthquake, disaster nuclear bomb at the end of World War II, the 1995 earthquake in Kobe, and the last 9-magnitude earthquake in 2011 that triggered a tsunami and subsequent impact luruhnya reactor Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear – be a valuable lesson.

7.6-magnitude earthquake rocked Padang

Unremitting disaster befall this country, it is now the turn of Padang which was devastated by a magnitude 7.6 SR, Wednesday, 30/09/2009, at 17:16 pm.

The quake is located at 0.84 LS-99.65 BT or 57 km in waters southwest of Pariaman, West Sumatra, at a depth of 71 km.

Chinatown in Padang was recorded as the area most severely hit by an earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale. All buildings in the area to the ground. The reason is that the Chinese position is in the village near the quake’s epicenter.

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Read more: earthquake preparedness kit

Meanwhile 80% of the buildings collapsed in Padang Pariaman. And due to the earthquake led to the demise of The power to the desert city.

At 17:38 pm (Wednesday, 30/09/2009) aftershocks with the strength of 6.2 magnitude at a depth of 100 km.

The quake was also felt in several other areas such as Bengkulu in Sumatra, Medan, Pekanbaru, Aceh, Batam, even to neighboring countries such as Malaysia and Singapore.

Around 22:00 pm based on information from Wapres Jusuf Kalla reported 75 people died and based on information from the spokesman for the National Disaster Management Agency, Priyadi Kardono, that the deceased had reached 200 people and more were possible. So far there is still no complete data on the list of names of victims, both who died or were injured by the earthquake.

Morning (10/01/2009) is scheduled to be dispatched as many as 92 people from the Ministry of Health and 32 doctors of PMI from Halim Perdanakusumah airport. And 25 medical personnel have also been dispatched from Medan and 27 of Palembang by land. In addition to medical personnel, this morning MOH also will fly 2 tons of medicine to be taken by the two aircraft (Hercules).

The earthquake that struck Padang to force 7, 6 SR no potential tsunami, as expressed by Head of Geological Agency, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, R Sukhyar.

At a depth of 71 km of the earthquake was not strong enough to cause a tsunami. In the event of aftershocks, usually smaller powers “ , he said

According Sukhyar, the quake occurred as a result of the meeting or the Indian Ocean tectonic plate subduction beneath the Asian plate in the west coast of Sumatra.

New information :

  1. Jambi Bengkulu was rocked by a magnitude 7 SR at 8:52 pm (Thursday, 01/10/2009). The epicenter was located at 46 km southeast of Jambi Full River, 54 km northeast Mukomuko of Bengkulu, 86 km southwest Bangko Jambi, 101 km northwest Muara Anam 121 km west of Bengkulu and Jambi the data Muarabungo with a depth of 10 km and no potential tsunami.
  2. An earthquake measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale (SR) occur at 76 kilometers Northeast Melonguane of North Sulawesi (Sulawesi), Thursday at 8:31 pm. According to the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG), the earthquake was located at 4.11 degrees northern latitude-127.35 east longitude, and depth of 20 kilometers. The epicenter was also located at 216 kilometers Northeast of North Sulawesi Tahuna, 370 kilometers northwest of Ternate-North Maluku, 380 kilometers Northeast Bitung-North Sulawesi, and 403 km Northeast Manado, North Sulawesi.

Types and kinds of earthquakes that often occur

Earthquakes that happen in this world are caused by factors that can not be predicted because it occurs naturally and spontaneously.

The following are the kinds types of earthquakes that frequently occur based on the theories of geoscience.

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Read more:  http://www.whatcausesearthquakes.com

Type earthquake

1. Earthquakes volcanic (Volcano) ; The earthquake is the result of magma activity, which usually occurs before the volcano erupted. If the higher activeness it will cause an explosion that would also lead to the occurrence of earthquakes. An earthquake is only felt around the volcano.

2. Tectonic earthquakes ; The earthquake was caused by the tectonic activity, ie shifting tectonic plates suddenly has the power from very small to very large. This earthquake caused more damage or natural disasters on earth, a strong earthquake vibration is able to spread to all parts of the earth.

Tectonic earthquakes are caused by [power] that occur due to shifting tectonic plates plate like a rubber band pulled and released suddenly. Power generated by the pressure between the rocks known as tectonic disability.

The theory of tectonic plate (plate tectonics) explains that the earth is composed of several layers of rock, most of the area of the crust it will drift and float in layers like snow. These layers stir slowly so broken to pieces and collide with each other. This has led to a tectonic earthquake.

Map of the distribution follows the pattern and special rules and narrow, which follow the pattern of meetings tectonic plates that make up Earth’s crust. In the earth sciences (geology), the theoretical framework of plate tectonics is a postulate to explain the phenomenon of tectonic earthquake that hit almost the entire region, which is adjacent to the boundary of tectonic plates meeting.

Examples of volcanic earthquakes is like in Yogyakarta, Indonesia on Saturday, May 27, 2006 morning, at 5:54 pm.
1. Earthquake collision ; An earthquake is caused by a meteor or asteroid falling to earth, types of earthquakes are rare
2. earthquake debris ; Earthquakes usually occur in the limestone area or in mining regions, earthquakes are rare and localized.
3. Earthquakes artificial ; Artificial earthquake is an earthquake caused by the activities of humans, such as the detonation of dynamite, nuclear or hammers that struck the earth’s surface.

Earthquake Strikes, in Nepal: Suddenly Everything rushed

Gempa 7.9 scale hit Nepal during the last day, April 25, 2015. Residents panicked and ran to save themselves when they felt the quake. Highways and open spaces in the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu filled with citizens who fear that leaving home, office, and shopping areas.

Earthquake Strikes, in Nepal: Suddenly Everything Rubuh  

Kanak Mani Dixit, a resident Khatmandu said, while having lunch with his parents he felt a strong shock.  Best earthquake kit his legs felt underground movement that lasts longer. Realizing earthquake, she save her parents and neighbors who are elderly by taking them to a friend of the city.

“I did that while the earthquake is still felt. I felt like on a ship at sea,” said Kanak Mani Dixit, a political analyst.

Joydeb Chakravarty, an advertising company boss J.Walter Thompson in Nepal during the earthquake claimed he was shopping in a grocery. “Suddenly, everything collapsed around me,” he said.

He watched, shelves in the fall and food wholesale display all of whom fall. “We are desperate to run out through the emergency exit,” he said.

The faces of the people in the city of Kathmandu is full of dust from collapsed buildings. The injured wait for roadside assistance. “Everyone on the highway, people crying, people trapped in the rubble, there are people who try to help,” said Kashish Das Shrestha, photographer.

The hospital was filled with wounded from the earthquake called the worst in the history of Nepal.

Cause Mount erupts: Magma Preserved Before Finally

Scientists at the University of Southampton, England, discovered the factors that are considered responsible for the enormity of the eruption of a volcano.

By studying the eruption of Las Cañadas, the largest volcano that ever existed on earth, they learned a blend of cold and hot magma magma can trigger a huge explosion.

Las Cañadas caldera volcano in Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, is believed to have produced at least eight major eruptions during the last 700 thousand years. The natural disaster resulted in the formation of the eruption column height of more than 25 kilometers. Pyroclastic volcanic material also spread up to 130 kilometers from the point of eruption.

Earthquake emergency kit – “Mixing the old with the old cold magma hot magma younger in the kitchen when pre-eruption magma triggers recurrent eruptions of large scale,” said study leader, Rex Taylor.

Cause Mount erupts: Magma Preserved Before Finally ...

The conclusion, published in the journal Scientific Reports , obtained after they analyze piles of crystal nodules – igneous rocks formed by the accumulation of crystals in the magma chamber – which is found in the pyroclastic deposits of major eruptions Las Cañadas.

Taylor said these nodules trapped and preserved ready spewed magma beneath the volcano immediately before eruption. Nodules and trapped magma was then examined to uncover the cause of the eruption. The nodules provide a record of the changes occurring in the magma plumbing until the volcano erupts.

These nodules are very special because it can glide quickly from the magma chamber before becoming totally rock solid. “They were mushy, like grains of coarse wet sand,” said Taylor, a senior lecturer in the Department of Earth and Marine Sciences University of Southampton.

Outskirts of crystals in the nodules formed from magma that is very different. It shows a large mixing that occurred immediately before eruption. Stirring young hot magma into a chilled old magma, said Taylor, seems to be commonplace before a large-scale eruption.

Tom Gernon, co-Taylor in the study, said the analysis of crystal nodules from the volcano could indicate the end of the process and the changes that occurred shortly before the big eruption. “There is a very mushy nodules in the pyroclastic deposits indicate that the magma chamber empties itself during the eruption. The kitchen magma then collapsed and formed the caldera,” he said.

Las Cañadas eruption known to be very powerful. As an illustration, only the smallest eruption spewed volcanic materials 25 times more than the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland in 2010 that could darken the European sky.

IAVCEI (International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry interior of the Earth) grouping Las Cañadas as volcano decad. They assess the volcano is worthy reference volcanology research because a large eruption and damage ever caused.

Las Cañadas is also located quite close to populated areas, thus increasing the potential dangers that may result from the volcano.

“These findings are especially valuable for anticipating the eruption of volcanoes around Tenerife and other areas,” said Gernon. Taylor and Gernon research also can help predict the risk of damage and impact assessment of economic losses populated areas due to volcanic eruptions.

Risk – Not Avoided But Managed

In everyday life we ​​often hear the term ‘risk’, especially in the economic conditions are still very affected by this global crisis. Risk is something we have to face in this life. Various risks such as fire, hit by another vehicle on the road, was hit by floods in the rainy season and so on, can cause us to bear the losses if not anticipated from the beginning.

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Read more: earthquake emergency kit

Let us know or recall things related risk that can be used to anticipate the situation and manage it well, especially in running your business.

1. Asset Definition
Asset is anything that has a sale value or economic value. An asset can be tangible (visible, for example: cars, houses, land, a cow, factories, etc.) or intangible (can not be seen, for example: the talent and ability of a person). The insurance business aimed at protecting the economic value of these assets.
Human life is a very valuable asset that can bring in revenue. These assets also face risks such as death, illness and disability caused by accident. Risks such as disability and death makes a person is unable to earn income. This resulted in the parties who depend on him, such as family difficulties.

2. Disaster and Risk
Flooded, sick, hit another vehicle, earthquakes, landslides, deaths and other unfortunate examples. Damage or destruction that may be caused by calamities are owned by the asset risk
Definition of ‘risk’ in the insurance means the possibility of loss or destruction or uncertainties faced by an ‘asset’ that can cause economic loss

3. The forms of risk
forms of risk include pure risk, speculative risk, particular risks and risk fundamentals.
Pure risk is the risk that as a result there are only 2 kinds: loss or break even, for example, theft, accident or fire. Speculative risk is the risk that as a result there are 3 types: losses, profits or break even, for example, gambling. Particular risk is the risk that comes from individual and local impact, such as plane crashes, car crashes and the ship foundered. While the fundamental risk is the risk that did not come from individuals and the impact area, such as hurricanes, earthquakes and floods.

Risk Management
As an organization, companies generally have a goal in implementing risk management. The objectives include: reducing spending, preventing the company from failure, increase corporate profits, lower production costs and so on.

What is ‘risk management’?
Risk management is a risk management process that includes the identification, evaluation and control of risks that could threaten the survival of the business or activities of the company.

Stages in risk management
stages traversed by the company in implementing risk management is to first identify the risks that may be experienced by the company, after identifying it conducted an evaluation of each risk in terms of severity (risk value) and frequency. The final stage is for risk control. In the risk management phase is divided into two namely physical controls (risk eliminated, minimized risk) and financial management (risk arrest, risk is transferred).

Basically, minimized risk in several ways, namely:

Avoiding Risks
can be done by eliminating habits or activities that may pose a risk. For example, a man who is afraid of heart disease due to smoking habits, can be avoided by stopping the habit.

Minimizing Risks
can be accomplished by reducing the frequency and impact of losses that might arise. For example, a motorist should wear a helmet and take care of her motorcycle on a regular basis to control possible losses, or for example in the production, the possibility of product failure can be reduced by quality control (quality control).

Risks receive
Done retain risks, or bear the whole or part of existing risks, for example by forming reserves in the company to face losses that will occur (retention).

Risk divert
diversion / transfer of risk can be done by moving the disadvantages / risks that may occur from one individual to another party, such as insurance companies.

Process parse Earthquake

Earthquakes are one of the types of natural disasters that continually occurs on earth. However, we can only feel the vibration when the earthquake occurred near the earth’s surface  .Technically, all that is on earth potential to experience an earthquake. However, there are some points that survived the quake in an amount greater than the other points. One country often experience are Japan and Indonesia.
In Indonesia, an earthquake seemed to have become part of people’s lives. This is reasonable considering Sirkum Indonesia is traversed mountains and the Mediterranean which makes it a potential point earthquake. Although common, but that does not mean all people in Indonesia understand the process of the earthquake. You included? If yes, please refer to the following description.
the occurrence of earthquakes
In , experts divide the earthquake earth or the origin of the earthquake into two major groups namely:

  1. Fault Shifting Theory
  2. Elastic elasticity theory or elastic rebound theory.

According to experts, earthquakes that frequently occur due to the shift of plates along the fault and occurs suddenly or known as sudden slip. This happens pasa layer of the earth’s crust. Furthermore, experts believe that the main cause of the earthquake process begins with a movement style that at the point of the Earth’s interior. This style is also known as mantle convection style. The process of this earthquake starting from the style of mantle convection which then pressing the crust which is also known as the outer layer.

The crust had a fragile nature, so when he was no longer able to withstand the force of mantle convection is then as a result of fault will be shifted and human perceived as an earthquake. The process of the earthquake that this one goes into the type of tectonic earthquake. Of course if the type volcanic earthquake, artificial, collisions and debris, then the process will be different.

However, according to experts, of all the total earthquake that occurred throughout the world, this is the type of tectonic earthquake that dominates. Even the type volcanic earthquake itself was only 7% of all the total earthquake. The occurrence of volcanic earthquakes starting from the movement of materials in the fluid channel.

This movement is usually felt just before a volcano erupts. For this type of artificial earthquake that use dynamite for example, the process occurs because there is pressure coming from dynamite. The explosion of dynamite will make the target region shaken and pass an artificial earthquake.

Meanwhile, the earthquake collision always starts from the space objects that made it to the surface of the earth. This thing comes with incredible speed so that when it reaches the earth body, the pressure will be in the form of movement or vibration. Levels rely solely on the strength of outer space objects.

Marine division

Marine division
1. According to the Marine division of It
According to the marine location can be divided into three groups, namely the inland sea, the sea edge, and a mid sea. What causes earthquakes facts
  • Inland Sea. Inland sea, the sea that is located in the middle of the continent, or almost entirely surrounded by land. Example: the Black Sea, the Baltic Sea, and the Caspian Sea.
  • Edge sea. The edge of the sea, the sea is situated on the edge of the continent, as if separated from the ocean because it was blocked by a group of islands or peninsula. Example: Ochotsk Sea, hindered by Jazirah Kamsyatka and Kurillen Islands; Bering Sea, hindered by Alenton Islands; North Sea, deterred by the British Isles; South China Sea, hindered by the Philippines and Indonesia Islands; Sea of ​​Japan, which was blocked by the Japanese Islands.
  • The mid sea. Mid sea, the sea that lies between two continents, which has symptoms of a volcano, and has the islands. Example: the Caribbean Sea to the cluster of islands of the Great Antilen; Australia-Asia mid ocean, the Archipelago of Indonesia; Mediterranean Sea with a cluster of Greek islands; North Sea Ice Spitsbergen Archipelago.
2. According to the Marine division Occurrence
According to the occurrence, the ocean can be divided into three, namely as follows.
  • Marine transgression, the sea that occurs due to a flooded lowlands of the sea or ocean also called puddle. Example: Java Sea, Arafura Sea and the Timor Sea.
  • Ingresi sea, the sea is happening because the seabed experiencing declining movement. Example: Sulawesi Sea, the Banda Sea, Flores Sea and the Maluku Sea.
  • Regression sea, the sea water situation is down due to rising land. It can also happen due to a decrease in the sea level, while the land remains. Example: Makassar Strait, the Flores Sea, Shoal Sunda, and Shoal Banks.
3. According to the Marine division Depth
According to the zone or lane depths, the ocean can be divided into several zones as follows.
 
  • Littoral zone or line-pairs, which is part of the ocean basin that lies between high tide and low tides.
  • Epineritik zone, which is part of the ocean basin between the lines recede and place in which they can be achieved by the power of the sun (usually to a depth of 50 m).
  • Neritik zone, which is part-deep ocean basins between 50-200 m.
  • Batial zone, which is part of the basin it between 200-2000 m.
  • Abyssal zone, which is part of the ocean basin it is more than 2,000 m.
Each of these pathways are usually characterized in the bodies of living certain that using fossils found can be reconstructed circumstances that area as before.

Types of earthquakes based on the cause, the depth and the wave

Earthquakes have often occurred in Indonesia and even had to pose a tsunami wave that many casualties. Just to add insight below will describe the types of earthquakes, may be useful for us all.

Read more: where do earthquakes occur most often

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Based on the type of cause

Earthquake Tectonics

The earthquake was caused by the tectonic activity, ie shifting tectonic plates suddenly has the power from very small to very large. This earthquake caused more damage or natural disasters on earth, a powerful earthquake vibrations capable of spreading to all parts of the earth.

Tectonic earthquakes are caused by perlepasan [power] that occur due to shifting tectonic plates plate like a rubber band is stretched and released suddenly. Power generated by the pressure between the rocks known as tectonic disability. The theory of plate tectonics (plate tectonics) explains that the earth is composed of several layers of rock, most of the area of ​​the crust it will drift and float in layers like snow. These layers stir slowly so broken to pieces and collide with each other.

This is what causes earthquakes tectonic tektonik.Gempa indeed unique. Map of the distribution follows the pattern and special rules and narrow, which follows the pattern of meeting tectonic plates that make up the earth’s crust. In the earth sciences (geology), the theoretical framework of plate tectonics is a postulate to explain the phenomenon of tectonic earthquake that hit virtually the entire area, which is adjacent to the boundary of tectonic plates meeting. Earthquake collision; The earthquake was caused by a meteor or asteroid that fell to Earth, types of earthquakes are rare

Volcanic earthquakes (volcano)

Earthquakes have occurred as a result of magma activity, which usually happens before the volcano erupted. If the higher activeness it will cause an explosion that would also lead to the occurrence of earthquakes. The earthquake was only felt around the volcano.

Earthquake collision

Earthquake is caused by a meteor or asteroid that fell to Earth, types of earthquakes are rare

Earthquake ruins

Earthquakes usually occur in the limestone area or in mining regions, this earthquake is rare and localized.

Artificial earthquake

Artificial earthquake was an earthquake caused by the activities of humans, such as the detonation of dynamite, nuclear or hammers that struck the earth’s surface.

Based on the type of Depth

Earthquakes in

Earthquakes in earthquake hiposentrumnya is located more than 300 km below the earth’s surface (within the crust). Earthquakes in generally not very dangerous.

Earthquakes medium

Medium earthquakes are earthquake hiposentrumnya located between 60 km and 300 km below the earth’s surface bumi.gempa medium generally mild and vibration damage is more pronounced.

Shallow earthquakes

Shallow earthquakes are earthquake hiposentrumnya located less than 60 km from the earth’s surface. These earthquakes usually cause great damage.

Based on the type of wave

  • Primary waves

Primary wave (wave lungitudinal) are waves or vibrations propagate in the body of the earth with a speed of 7-14 km / sec. These vibrations come from hiposentrum

  • Secondary waves

Secondary wave (transverse wave) is waves or vibrations propagate, such as primary waves at speeds that have been reduced, which is 4-7 km / sec. Secondary waves can not propagate through the liquid layer.

Tsunami Worst hit Throughout History

Tsunamis are natural disasters that often become scared for the people around the world who live in coastal areas. What causes earthquakes in the last 50 years the ability to investigate, predict and record the tsunami has reached a new advanced technology, but the damage caused by the enormous wave of water that can not be contained.

Even Indonesia became one of the countries most frequently hit by the tsunami, especially in coastal areas of Sumatra. That is because the potential undersea earthquake in Sumatra are especially vulnerable that triggered huge tsunami waves. As we know an earthquake under the sea is a major factor and most likely frequent that triggered the tsunami.Here are 10 events tsunami that swept the world and cause the most damage and make the infrastructure of citizens who suffered paralysis and inevitable disaster:

10. In 1964, the Alaska Earthquake and Tsunami.

March 27, 1964 an earthquake of 9.2 on the Richter scale – the most violent ever recorded in North American history. The resulting tsunami devastated parts of the west coast of North America (as well as hitting Hawaii and Japan), causing the death of 121 people in separate locations in Alaska and California.

Wave was recorded at an altitude of up to 100 meters, and a 27-foot tsunami obliterate the small village of Chenega Alaska, killing 23 people. The earthquake also caused permanent changes in the geography of the area, with plots of land in Alaska fall of up to 8 meters.

9. In 2009, Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami

In 2009, the Samoa Islands experienced an earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale on 29 September. Tsunami measured up to 45 feet, and belarian residents fled to higher ground. The earthquake and tsunami swallowing villages and causing widespread destruction.

Samoa, Tonga and American Samoa reported that there were 189 victims, many of whom are children, but many people still can diselamtkan by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, which provides help to evacuate to higher ground.

8. In 1993, earthquake and tsunami Hokkaido

 

On July 12, 1993, 80 miles off the coast of Hokkaido, Japan, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 shook the earth. The Japanese authorities responded quickly, issuing a tsunami warning, but the small island Okushiri was outside jangkaun. Just a few minutes after the earthquake, the island was bombarded by giant waves – the waves reached a height of 100 meters which is very surprising.

One hundred ninety-seven (197) 250 victims of the earthquake and tsunami is a resident of Okushiri (Hokkaido and southeast Russia also affected), but other lives can be saved because the experience of the tsunami that hit the island in 1983 it was 10 years earlier, prompting the evacuation of more quickly.

7. In 1979, earthquake and tsunami Tumaco

 

Just a few seconds before 8 am on December 12, 1979, a magnitude 7.9 began to rumble in Colombia and Ecuador’s Pacific coast area. The tsunami resulted in tersapunya six fishing villages and destroyed most of the town of Tumaco, as well as several other coastal cities in Colombia. Overall, 259 people were confirmed dead, while 798 people were injured and 95 were never heard from again.

6. In 2006, earthquake and tsunami in Pangandaran, West Java, Indonesia

 

On July 17, 2006, on the seabed in Java, Indonesia was rocked by an earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale. 22kaki high tsunami hit the coast of Indonesia, including the area 100 miles from Java, Sumatra, who was lucky enough has been unaffected back tsunami after the 2004 tsunami.

Waves penetrate more than a mile inland, flattening buildings in places such as the beach resort of Pangandaran. All told, at least 668 people lost their lives, 65 were missing, and more than 9,000 others require hospital treatment for injuries after the earthquake and tsunami.

5. In 1998, earthquake and tsunami in Papua New Guinea

 

Berkekuatan7,0 magnitude earthquake that hit the northern coast of Papua New Guinea on July 17, 1998 previously predicted to trigger a tsunami. However, the fact that the earthquake triggered a large submarine landslides, which in turn generates a wave up to 49 meters and averaging 34 meters in height.

When the tsunami hit the coast, it caused at least 2,183 deaths and 500 people are missing and about 10,000 residents make kehialangan residence. Many villages were badly damaged, while others, such as Arop and Warapu, were completely destroyed.

There is one positive thing that can be learned from the disaster, is that the tsunami gives scientists valuable insight about the threat of submarine landslides and tsunamis are unpredictable.

4. In 1976, earthquake and tsunami Moro, Philippines

 

In the early hours of August 16, 1976, the small island of Mindanao in the Philippines hit by an earthquake of 7.9 on the Richter scale. The earthquake caused a large tsunami that hit more than 433 miles of a coastline, where the population is not aware of the dangers and do not have time to flee to high ground.

Thousands of victims sucked out to sea. Overall, 5,000 people lost their lives, with 2,200 reported missing, 9,500 injured and more than 90,000 homeless. Cities and provinces across North Philippine Sea region devastated by the tsunami waves that reached 15 meters is regarded as one of the worst disaster the country has ever experienced.

3. In 1960, earthquake and tsunami Valdivia

 

In 1960, the world experienced the strongest earthquake. On May 22, the magnitude 9.5 Chilean earthquake on the Richter scale hit the southern coast of the start of central Chile, causing volcanic eruptions and devastating tsunami.

Waves up to 82 meters hit the local area, while also speeding tsunami in the Pacific area, with the first wave hit Hilo, Hawaii about 15 hours after the quake began, killing 61 people. Seven hours later the wave hit the coast of Japan, causing the death of 142 people. A total of 6,000 people are estimated to have lost their lives due to the earthquake and tsunami.

2. In 2011, the Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami

 

Dangerous Tsunami 2011 and in Tohuku that struck Japan could have far-reaching consequences over everything that happened. On March 11, waves 33 meters recorded following the 9.0 magnitude earthquake although some reported very scary heights up to 133 meters, with the waves crashing up to 6 kilometers inland and 97 foot waves crashing into coastal town of Ofunato.

Some 125,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed, and transport infrastructure were seriously damaged. A large number of people dead and missing around 25,000, it was pretty awful, tsunami quake also damaged nuclear power plant in Fukushima, causing crises and disasters at the highest level on the International Nuclear Event Scale. The full consequences of the nuclear disaster is still unclear, but the radiation has been detected up to 200 miles from the plant.

1. In 2004, earthquake and Indian Ocean tsunami (Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Thailand)

World stunned by deadly tsunami that hit countries around the Indian Ocean in 2004, with the sum of US $ 14 billion is then given as humanitarian aid.

This tsunami was the deadliest ever, with a death toll that reached the staggering figure of more than 230,000, affecting people in 14 countries.

Indonesia worst affected, followed by Sri Lanka, India and Thailand. The massive earthquake magnitude undersea d to 9.3 on the Richter scale and triggered deadly waves up to a height of 98 meters. A massive tsunami flooded most of the coast line as fast as 15 minutes and as long as 7 hours after the first quake.

Despite having a few hours to prepare for the impact of the tsunami in some places, the lack of a tsunami warning system in the Indian Ocean caused many coastal areas are densely populated terkejut.Hal this be a learning experience for Indonesia and other countries to be more vigilant and provide learning evacuation in case signs of the earthquake and tsunami.