Even Indonesia became one of the countries most frequently hit by the tsunami, especially in coastal areas of Sumatra. That is because the potential undersea earthquake in Sumatra are especially vulnerable that triggered huge tsunami waves. As we know an earthquake under the sea is a major factor and most likely frequent that triggered the tsunami.Here are 10 events tsunami that swept the world and cause the most damage and make the infrastructure of citizens who suffered paralysis and inevitable disaster:
10. In 1964, the Alaska Earthquake and Tsunami.
March 27, 1964 an earthquake of 9.2 on the Richter scale – the most violent ever recorded in North American history. The resulting tsunami devastated parts of the west coast of North America (as well as hitting Hawaii and Japan), causing the death of 121 people in separate locations in Alaska and California.
Wave was recorded at an altitude of up to 100 meters, and a 27-foot tsunami obliterate the small village of Chenega Alaska, killing 23 people. The earthquake also caused permanent changes in the geography of the area, with plots of land in Alaska fall of up to 8 meters.
9. In 2009, Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami
In 2009, the Samoa Islands experienced an earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale on 29 September. Tsunami measured up to 45 feet, and belarian residents fled to higher ground. The earthquake and tsunami swallowing villages and causing widespread destruction.
Samoa, Tonga and American Samoa reported that there were 189 victims, many of whom are children, but many people still can diselamtkan by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, which provides help to evacuate to higher ground.
8. In 1993, earthquake and tsunami Hokkaido
On July 12, 1993, 80 miles off the coast of Hokkaido, Japan, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 shook the earth. The Japanese authorities responded quickly, issuing a tsunami warning, but the small island Okushiri was outside jangkaun. Just a few minutes after the earthquake, the island was bombarded by giant waves – the waves reached a height of 100 meters which is very surprising.
One hundred ninety-seven (197) 250 victims of the earthquake and tsunami is a resident of Okushiri (Hokkaido and southeast Russia also affected), but other lives can be saved because the experience of the tsunami that hit the island in 1983 it was 10 years earlier, prompting the evacuation of more quickly.
7. In 1979, earthquake and tsunami Tumaco
Just a few seconds before 8 am on December 12, 1979, a magnitude 7.9 began to rumble in Colombia and Ecuador’s Pacific coast area. The tsunami resulted in tersapunya six fishing villages and destroyed most of the town of Tumaco, as well as several other coastal cities in Colombia. Overall, 259 people were confirmed dead, while 798 people were injured and 95 were never heard from again.
6. In 2006, earthquake and tsunami in Pangandaran, West Java, Indonesia
On July 17, 2006, on the seabed in Java, Indonesia was rocked by an earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale. 22kaki high tsunami hit the coast of Indonesia, including the area 100 miles from Java, Sumatra, who was lucky enough has been unaffected back tsunami after the 2004 tsunami.
Waves penetrate more than a mile inland, flattening buildings in places such as the beach resort of Pangandaran. All told, at least 668 people lost their lives, 65 were missing, and more than 9,000 others require hospital treatment for injuries after the earthquake and tsunami.
5. In 1998, earthquake and tsunami in Papua New Guinea
Berkekuatan7,0 magnitude earthquake that hit the northern coast of Papua New Guinea on July 17, 1998 previously predicted to trigger a tsunami. However, the fact that the earthquake triggered a large submarine landslides, which in turn generates a wave up to 49 meters and averaging 34 meters in height.
When the tsunami hit the coast, it caused at least 2,183 deaths and 500 people are missing and about 10,000 residents make kehialangan residence. Many villages were badly damaged, while others, such as Arop and Warapu, were completely destroyed.
There is one positive thing that can be learned from the disaster, is that the tsunami gives scientists valuable insight about the threat of submarine landslides and tsunamis are unpredictable.
4. In 1976, earthquake and tsunami Moro, Philippines
In the early hours of August 16, 1976, the small island of Mindanao in the Philippines hit by an earthquake of 7.9 on the Richter scale. The earthquake caused a large tsunami that hit more than 433 miles of a coastline, where the population is not aware of the dangers and do not have time to flee to high ground.
Thousands of victims sucked out to sea. Overall, 5,000 people lost their lives, with 2,200 reported missing, 9,500 injured and more than 90,000 homeless. Cities and provinces across North Philippine Sea region devastated by the tsunami waves that reached 15 meters is regarded as one of the worst disaster the country has ever experienced.
3. In 1960, earthquake and tsunami Valdivia
In 1960, the world experienced the strongest earthquake. On May 22, the magnitude 9.5 Chilean earthquake on the Richter scale hit the southern coast of the start of central Chile, causing volcanic eruptions and devastating tsunami.
Waves up to 82 meters hit the local area, while also speeding tsunami in the Pacific area, with the first wave hit Hilo, Hawaii about 15 hours after the quake began, killing 61 people. Seven hours later the wave hit the coast of Japan, causing the death of 142 people. A total of 6,000 people are estimated to have lost their lives due to the earthquake and tsunami.
2. In 2011, the Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami
Dangerous Tsunami 2011 and in Tohuku that struck Japan could have far-reaching consequences over everything that happened. On March 11, waves 33 meters recorded following the 9.0 magnitude earthquake although some reported very scary heights up to 133 meters, with the waves crashing up to 6 kilometers inland and 97 foot waves crashing into coastal town of Ofunato.
Some 125,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed, and transport infrastructure were seriously damaged. A large number of people dead and missing around 25,000, it was pretty awful, tsunami quake also damaged nuclear power plant in Fukushima, causing crises and disasters at the highest level on the International Nuclear Event Scale. The full consequences of the nuclear disaster is still unclear, but the radiation has been detected up to 200 miles from the plant.
1. In 2004, earthquake and Indian Ocean tsunami (Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Thailand)
World stunned by deadly tsunami that hit countries around the Indian Ocean in 2004, with the sum of US $ 14 billion is then given as humanitarian aid.
This tsunami was the deadliest ever, with a death toll that reached the staggering figure of more than 230,000, affecting people in 14 countries.
Indonesia worst affected, followed by Sri Lanka, India and Thailand. The massive earthquake magnitude undersea d to 9.3 on the Richter scale and triggered deadly waves up to a height of 98 meters. A massive tsunami flooded most of the coast line as fast as 15 minutes and as long as 7 hours after the first quake.
Despite having a few hours to prepare for the impact of the tsunami in some places, the lack of a tsunami warning system in the Indian Ocean caused many coastal areas are densely populated terkejut.Hal this be a learning experience for Indonesia and other countries to be more vigilant and provide learning evacuation in case signs of the earthquake and tsunami.